The Future Is Faster Than You Think

The future is faster than you think How converged technologies are changing business, industry, and our lives: awesome summary by ebookhike

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Author: Peter Diamandis, Steven Kotler

The Future Is Faster Than You Think: How Converging Technologies Are Transforming Business, Industries, and Our Lives Peter Diamandis, Steven Kotler 2019

The Future Is Faster Than You Think
The future is faster than you think How converged technologies are changing business, industry, and our lives: awesome summary by ebookhike

Why is the future coming faster than you think? (The Future Is Faster Than You Think)

Moore’s law

The Future Is Faster Than You Think: In 2023, a typical $1,000 laptop will have the processing power of our brains. And in 25 years, a gadget of the same size will hide the power of all seven billion human brains. However, by 2050 we will long ago part with the very concept of the “laptop”, even virtual glasses will only be found in museums: virtual life will not take place on the screen of a gadget, but will merge with real life.

If this sounds like science fiction, think about the capabilities of our gadgets 15 years ago. Having a phone in our pocket, we could not access the Internet, order a taxi, or read the news. We could only call! However, this opportunity seemed wonderful, remember such an uncomfortable reality of the 1990s …

Such a rapid improvement in gadgets is explained by Moore’s Law. 

In 1965, engineer Gordon Moore predicted that the number of electronic components that make up microcircuits would double every year, which means that the computing power of gadgets would double every year. 

The Future Is Faster Than You Think

For all of us, this means one thing: do not rush to buy a new computer model, in two years it will cost half as much. This principle still works today, explaining the almost absolute availability of smartphones. However, it has a limit predicted by Moore himself. Already in the new millennium, the engineer said that by 2025 his law would no longer work, because there are purely physical limits to how small and energy-intensive the components of our gadgets can be. However, optimists disagree with Moore, because physics does not stand still, inventing more and more energy-intensive materials.

Physics is at the service of computers – that’s why the changes are so rapid. Technologies are strong with connections: the more diverse and stronger these connections are, the faster such an unusual future comes. New types of drugs are being developed faster because artificial intelligence is already involved in their development. The development of artificial intelligence is impossible without the use of new energy-intensive media that allow computers to fit in a jacket pocket, and not take up an entire room. The mobility and versatility of phones make them operational assistants in various areas of life. 

Virtual connections between smartphones, GPS navigators, all kinds of sensors and devices are becoming ever closer, turning into a global Internet of things, where the stove knows what to cook for you for breakfast, and the virtual assistant knows better than you what movie you want to watch in the evening after work. Thanks to the convergence of technologies, all this will come into our lives faster than it seems. 

Chief technoideologist Ray Kurzweil has calculated that the next century will contain 20,000 years of technological change.

The Future Is Faster Than You Think


Two reasons why we are not ready for the future

1. Inertia of consciousness. The human brain is a very conservative thing: it was formed in the days when our ancestors sat around fires and were afraid of predators, and has changed little since then. But the surrounding reality changed too quickly. We are little receptive to the complex interconnections of different phenomena because we are used to thinking linearly, measuring tomorrow with yesterday’s yardstick. In addition, gadgets come to our aid too easily: we are happy to trust them with all everyday operations, including the addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers. As a result, we are gradually becoming dumber, and the artificial intelligence that helps us with the score and everything else, on the contrary, is rapidly getting smarter.

2. Business inertia. Too many companies, even the largest ones, operate according to scenarios that were formed 100-200 years ago, during the era of the industrial revolution. But what about blockchain, online sales, and the growing Chinese economy? Ignorance of risks is fraught with rapid collapse: 40% of Fortune 500 companies are predicted to fail in the next 10 years.


6D: the main directions in which the future is changing

1. Digitization (digitalization). If you are not on the Internet, you are not anywhere, because everything becomes the Net. In 2020, the number of things connected to the Internet exceeds 50 billion, and it is only increasing, and exponentially.

2. Trick / deception (deception). This word can be translated into Russian with different meanings because the introduction of new opportunities into our lives like blockchain or cryptocurrencies is always contradictory. The future is foolish.

3. Destruction (disruption). Thanks to technology, familiar things change their properties. And if the transformation of man-made objects is more familiar, then intervention in the biological nature of a person still seems like a miracle. But after Craig Venter synthesized the world’s first artificial bacterium in 2010, that Rubicon was crossed. Then, in 2010, in the United States, using a 3D printer, they learned how to create blood vessels – today, 10 years later, their production has been put on stream. 3D-printed organs are predicted to hit the market by 2023.

4. Cheapening (demonetization). How much does it cost to take a quality photo today? Not at all if the phone is in your pocket. But we still remember some photo studios… But the most striking example is the phone itself: the development of its modern version in 1980 would have cost $110 million, and the gadget resulting from such an insanely expensive startup would have been 14 meters long and required about 200 kilowatts of energy. The GPS navigation familiar to us in 1981 was no longer a fantasy, but it cost $120,000.

5. Dematerialization. E-books instead of paper books, Wikipedia instead of thick volumes, iTunes instead of music stores… The list of things that have moved into virtuality is growing every day.

6. Democratization. Technologies are not only rapidly improving, but also rapidly becoming cheaper, which means they are becoming more accessible. It comes to the point of absurdity: today more Africans have access to cellular communications than to clean water.


Accelerators of change

1. Save time. Every time you puzzle Google with another question, the technology saves you 15 minutes compared to the paper-library days of the past. Household chores take us only one and a half to four hours a week, and our ancestors a century ago spent 58 hours on it – without electricity and running water.

When Jobs created the first models of his computers, he harassed his colleagues with the requirement to make machines faster – even if it was a matter of seconds. “Let’s say we can save 10 seconds of boot time,” Jobs reasoned. Multiply that by 5 million users and that’s 50 million seconds every day. More than a year is dozens of lives! Worth it, isn’t it?” Today we understand: Jobs was not mistaken.

The Future Is Faster Than You Think

2. Always in touch. In 2010, 1.8 billion people were connected to the Internet; by 2017, 3.8 billion people were connected to the Internet – half of the globe. The division into online and offline is rapidly becoming obsolete.

3. Longevity. Ray Kurzweil claims that science will soon learn to double our lives: more than a year for every year already lived. The centenary will no longer be a bonus for rare lucky ones. Living longer, we accumulate experience, become wiser; By keeping our strength longer, we will be much more effective for society. If Blaise Pascal and Einstein had lived to be 100 years old, they could have done much more for science … But how soon will medicine come to the rescue? “As early as 2030,” Kurzweil promises.

4. More free time – more geniuses. Although IQ measurement is not the only indicator of genius, the Stanford-Binet test shows that 1% of the population meets this criterion. This is 75 million people with good mental abilities. Even 50 years ago, these abilities were much less likely to manifest themselves, because a potential genius was sitting in a small provincial town and had almost no access to the information treasures of civilization, and did not communicate with his own kind. And 200 years ago, a potential genius might not have survived to adolescence at all. Technology provides us with communication, promises longevity, and allows us not to worry about elementary survival – which means that humanity has much more time for useful thoughts about the main thing.

5. New money. Technology has given humanity a new golden calf – cryptocurrency. Bloomberg called bitcoin the most efficient asset of the decade: the first product bought in 2010 for cryptocurrency was two pizzas – since then, in 10 years, bitcoin has grown by 9,000,000% (for comparison: gold has risen in price by only 25% over this period). %). It is important that these revenues directly work on technology. The volume of investments in the development of artificial intelligence grew from $5.4 billion in 2017 to $9.3 billion in 2018th; spending on biotechnology grew just as confidently: from $11.8 billion (2017) to $14.4 billion (2018).

6. New business models. Airbnb offers accommodation search services without owning a single room. Alibaba sells millions of different products without the burden of owning warehouses where these products must be stored. Basic business principles are changing under the influence of technology. And they also gave rise to a fundamentally new subject of trade – our personal data, on which Google and Facebook continue to get rich. Analysts say data is the “new oil”: tycoons of former eras made their fortunes on black gold, today’s on the information. The difference is that oil is an expensive and scarce resource, while data is not.

The new business is more efficient (zero waste, instant income), cheaper (materials and operating capacity require ever-lower costs), and faster. The third postulate is the most important here. If a businessman is not up to date with the latest changes, he runs the risk of being late forever.

Recreating everything

By connecting the world to a single Internet of Things and getting to know us better, artificial intelligence will change all areas of life.


Trade

Alexa (Amazon), Google Assistant, Apple, and Alibaba are the key players in today’s market, and technology is on their side. And the key task of these technologies is the qualitative improvement of service.

How high quality? Imagine coming home from work one rainy evening in April 2028 and deciding to buy yourself a new jacket. A Web search identifies a store that sells eco-friendly leather clothing. This is skin grown from stem cells: no animals were harmed. You mark this product as interesting for you, put your smartphone in your pocket and forget about it. In the meantime, the smartphone communicates with the store’s computer system and then automatically redirects the cab you’re in to the correct route (of course, it’s a taxi without a driver). 

When you drive up to the store, you realize that this is one of the few retail chains where people, not robots, still work. The salesperson meets you at the door, holding a jacket chosen a few minutes ago on the phone. You try on: the thing sits perfectly. And no wonder: a month ago, you used a special sensor in your phone to create a digital version of your body – down to the smallest detail. So even before you entered this store, both your phone and the store’s computers knew your size. You don’t carry a wallet in your pocket for a long time: a variety of sensors track both you and the jacket, so that as soon as you leave the store, the price is instantly deducted from your account. Perhaps your account is in cryptocurrency. In addition, the sensors have learned that this is your first visit to this store, so they tempt you with a new purchase by sending a digital coupon,

The Future Is Faster Than You Think

Fantasy penetrates into trade today. In 2020, artificial intelligence is able to replace people in customer service – at least on the phone, because the computer has already learned to analyze voice intonations, being able to distinguish 400 shades of human moods and personality traits from them. And since the computer works by using neural networks, it learns with every new bit of incoming information. 

What does your email interlocutor look like? Four feet tall, white plastic body, two black eyes, a slit mouth, a mermaid tail instead of legs. Such is Pepper, a humanoid robot capable of understanding human emotions; it was introduced back in 2010 and since then has been working in different parts of the world: it sells ice cream in Japan, and welcomes customers of a pizzeria in Singapore. Although these robots are not very charming, they are skillful. Experiments show that when people communicate with them on the phone, they think that their interlocutor is a real person.

In the summer of 2016, Domino’s Pizza introduced the first robot to deliver pizza to homes, at the same time Amazon created the Prime Air project: delivering goods by drone in no more than half an hour.

With the help of 3D printing, manufacturers can now independently purchase raw materials and print goods in any convenient place. This means serious problems for suppliers and distributors, and in the long term – the end of retail as we know it today. 

Probably, in 2030 we will not have to leave the house at all for everyday purchases. Computers are already amassing a huge digital dossier of everyone in an effort to make the service even more personalized. Product personalization is a key trend in the future of retail. And the last hope of retail, because customers are increasingly appreciating not so many goods (they are presented in abundance), but personal attention. 


Advertising

What could be more effective than advertising addressed to you personally? This is what advertising-2030 is like. Its creators will know a lot about us, skillfully maneuvering in the sea of ​​our desires. Already today, Alibaba FashionAI and Amazon’s shopping algorithms provide personalized clothing recommendations based on user preferences, social media behavior, and expert advice. And thanks to rapidly improving speech synthesis technologies, the system in 2030 will be able to offer you a product in the voice of a loved one. If you buy just such a frying pan, the voice of your wife advises, the effectiveness of advertising increases significantly. The voice can be replaced by text floating in the air in front of you (it’s all about VR glasses, but some techno-optimists say they will be replaced by contact lenses by 2030). Besides,

Apps that imitate speech better or allow you to point your smartphone camera at an object and get a link to a product are already a reality. But the true power of technology will come from its consolidation with big data. These possibilities are already impressive today: with 10 likes at its disposal, a machine can recognize a person better than colleagues; 150 likes – better than parents; 500 likes is better than him. In 2030, computers will know us better than ourselves, and this is the main advertising engine of the future.


Entertainment

In 2018, an artificial intelligence painting was sold at Christie’s for $432,000. In 2019, the Yandex neural network co-authored an eight-minute piece for viola and orchestra. By 2020, neural networks have learned to create poetry, paintings, and music, but their main task remains to study our tastes. Netflix culture is beating blockbuster culture, and it’s not for nothing that the main show purveyor spends millions of dollars improving computer programs that simulate the highest-grossing stories. In 2020, content creation is the prerogative of the crowd, or rather, its collaboration with artificial intelligence. 

How will we perceive this content? After William Dobell created the first technology in 2002 to broadcast images from a video camera directly into the human brain (bypassing the eyes and optic nerves), broadcasting content has become entirely a matter of technology.

Dreamscape technology combines tactile experience with immersive VR to let the user feel like swimming in the deep ocean next to whales or petting an elephant in India. And since Dreamscape is partnering with AMC Theatres, the day is not far off when cinema will once again become the most important of the arts, affecting us with a thousand times more powerful.

In May 2018, 20th Century Fox brought the popular adventure book series Choose Your Own to the screen. At the same time, throughout the film, the audience used smartphones to vote on the choice of storylines. Guided storytelling is an essential element of the art of the future.

In 2017, thanks to researchers at the University of Washington and their BrainNet communication network, which reads brain signals, several participants in an experiment were able to play Tetris by moving the figures with their minds. 

In 2018, director Richard Ramchurn released the half-hour film The Moment. Specially designed to be viewed with a relatively cheap ($100) EEG headset, the content of this movie changes depending on what’s going on in your head at the moment.

What do these discoveries mean for the entertainment industry? Artistic images will affect five senses at once. And they will be very accurate.

One fine evening in 2030, when we return from work, the computer will offer us a series based on a mass of data about our psychophysiological state, which was scanned by dozens of sensors throughout the day. And we will understand without any surprise: yes, this is exactly what we need.

The Future Is Faster Than You Think


Education

The modern child does not let go of the smartphone. To what extent is a gadget capable of replacing a teacher? The issue is extremely relevant not only against the background of universal magnetization but also against the background of a sharp shortage of teachers (US schools alone need 1.5 million people).

In 2017, X PRIZE, founded by Elon Musk in partnership with Google, launched the $15 million Global Learning XPRIZE project to develop software for the world’s 263 million out-of-school children. However, back in 2012, the founder of the MIT Media Lab, Nicholas Negroponte, proved that Ethiopian children, armed only with a laptop loaded with educational applications and games, can learn to read and write, as well as navigate the Internet: the smartphone interface is called “intuitive” for a reason.

The opportunities that open up in the film industry are perfectly applicable to education. The more senses we use in learning, the more effective it is. And we are very bad at learning boring things. Computers help solve both problems! 

Virtual educational tours to the tomb of Queen Nefertiti using VR glasses became a reality in 2018 thanks to the efforts of Philip Rosedale and his team at High Fidelity. The fact that by 2030 VR glasses promise to be as commonplace as glasses means that learning will move beyond the classroom. Even the road to school thanks to VR glasses can turn into a historical excursion.


Health

In 2030, our health will be under much stricter control than it is now. Sensors that measure the number of steps taken or record the state of sleep are perceived as fun for now, but in the near future, they will become a key player in healthcare.

Verily Life Sciences develops a full range of sensors that monitor all key body parameters, from blood sugar levels to the full biochemical spectrum. Thanks to the convergence of networks and sensors, medical chatbots are now flooding the market and will soon inhabit our smartphones. They will be able to diagnose everything from rashes to otitis media.

Gadgets will be not only on the human body but also inside. Knee prostheses equipped with self-learning artificial intelligence (Rheo Knee by Ossur) are not new in the medical world, this invention is more than 10 years old. During this time, the equipment has been created that makes it possible to put the production of such prostheses on stream. And in 2018, a team from the University of Minnesota successfully 3D printed material that was previously missing to create a bionic eye, one of the most complex biotech inventions.

Artificial intelligence is also involved in mental health, providing cognitive-behavioral therapy via Facebook Messenger to patients suffering from depression. He is involved in drug development, greatly simplifying the expensive process of computing and subsequent testing of the finished drug. The Watson supercomputer, known for its triumphant victories in TV shows, is now quite successfully engaged in medical diagnostics. Not surprisingly, Watson is being trained by Nuance Communications, which was the first startup of Kurzweil, the main prophet of longevity.

All of these advances are helping to repurpose the medicine of the future, focusing now on treating disease, and in the future on preventing disease. This means that it will be possible to concentrate efforts on the main and most daring task – life extension. 

Thanks to improved general well-being, humanity has achieved some success here: in 1950, the average age of the inhabitant of the Earth was 48 years, in 2017 – already 72 years. The man was able to defeat such a fundamental force of nature as natural selection. But what if we intervene even more persistently in the course of events? Genes play a key role in our health, and science has learned a lot about them, but it is still extremely difficult to turn theoretical knowledge into really effective medicine. 

An impressive achievement in medicine was the victory over severe combined immunodeficiency, a genetic disease that affects one in 100,000 children born. This disease almost completely destroys the immune system, and the sick person is forced to live in an absolutely sterile environment. One of these unfortunate children was David Vetter, who lived his entire short life in a decontaminated isolation bladder. In 2016, a technique was published for an almost complete cure for immunodeficiency: it is achieved through genetic correction.

The richest corporations come to the aid of medicine, whose leaders are interested in living longer. Scientists at Unity Biotechnology, sponsored by Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, have learned to prolong the life of mice by 35% by eliminating common symptoms of aging. Doesn’t sound very solid? However, the very possibility of correcting the natural processes of the body is a great achievement; any physician will confirm that 35% is a very significant result in this kind of research.


Insurance

By living longer and healthier lives, we will create big problems for the insurance business. The hope that the bad situation on the roads will help him is also very small: computer-controlled cars will reduce the number of car accidents by 90%. In addition, in the future it will become much more profitable not to have a car, this will completely eliminate the need for auto insurance for the property. 

By 2040, the auto insurance market could shrink by 60%. Business solution? New insurance products. Flight delays and cancellations or pet insurance are becoming increasingly popular services. Future car owners can insure based on car usage and driving trends, closely monitored by hundreds of cameras on the road. The insurance market is not dying, but thanks to personalized data, it is becoming more flexible.


Finance

Big Brother will not only monitor our behavior but also count our money. Every day, 60% of all market transactions are made using a computer. Artificial intelligence creates new types of services and completely manages them. 

This is the Alibaba Microloans system, which offers loans ranging from a hundred to a million yuan and does not require any documents from the client: a computer examines its financial capabilities, issuing a loan decision in a few seconds, and money in three minutes. By 2016, artificial intelligence had issued $14 billion in loans.

The Future Is Faster Than You Think

Machines demonetize the economy: cash is a thing of the past. Denmark stopped printing money in 2017, India withdrew 86% of its cash a year earlier, Vietnam wants to achieve the same result by 2020.


Buying a home

Artificial intelligence has been a serious competitor to realtors for several years now. Choosing a home is a difficult and responsible step, and who, if not a machine, knows how to work with complex decisions? Rent and mortgages, housing quality, and infrastructure—armed with geolocation data and other information on the Web, the computer formulates the best solution. Showcasing future housing, VR programs instantly change the environment from floor to wallpaper depending on the taste of the client. They help you see how your furniture will look in a new space (IKEA already uses this technology). As in other areas of life, technology benefits from the consolidation of data, which helps create personalized offers. Dozens of companies are investing millions in this technology.

After all, cars will give you the ability to explore any property on the market. This will be especially important when Elon Musk’s rockets become a reality and we can instantly move from point A to point B – and therefore afford housing in other cities and even countries.


Food

In Russia, 17 million tons of food are thrown away annually, in the United States – about 73 million tons. Meanwhile, according to UN estimates, by 2050 the increased population of the Earth will need twice as much in vegetables and three times in meat. Fortunately, both problems are being solved now.

Plenty Unlimited Inc. builds 20-foot towers on which he grows vegetables. This process is monitored by tens of thousands of cameras and sensors and optimized with big data machine learning, allowing 99% less land and 95% less water to grow pesticide-free crops. This technology gives a yield 350 times greater than on open agricultural land. Already, a resident of any provincial town can afford tangerines from Morocco and bananas from Ecuador – Plenty reduces the cost of products at times.

The Future Is Faster Than You Think

Saving resources is no less a problem for the meat and dairy industry. Here the solution exists rather in theory: what if we do not kill cows and sheep, but grow meat from stem cells? This technology requires 99% less land, and 82% less water and produces 85% fewer greenhouse gases. Very attractive from the point of view of ecology, but so far unjustified economically.

However, technologists look to the future with optimism. In 2013, the first artificial burger cost $330,000, and in 2018, those who wished could dine on an artificial steak for $50. Experts believe that in a few years the cost of such a burger can be reduced to $5. Some high-end Asian restaurants have lab-grown chicken.

The Future Is Faster Than You Think

Fly in the ointment … or not?

The coming decade will be safer and more satisfying for humanity. But in this decade, the main threats to humanity remain. The two main threats are the environment and unemployment. 


Ecology 

In 2018, for the first time, financial concerns did not make it into the top five threats, which are made up by the participants of the World Economic Forum. Not a new financial crisis or even terrorism – the greatest dangers are related to the environment: the extinction of species, ocean pollution, climate change. Every year, 40 billion tons of carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere, and 18.7 million acres of forests perish in the same period. According to leading climatologists, humanity has only about ten years to solve this problem: either we limit global warming to 1.5 degrees, or face catastrophic consequences.

There is a way out – solar energy. In just five days, more energy is generated than the energy stored in all the coal and gas reserves on Earth: we need only a small part of this gigantic power. It will be inexpensive: in 1977, 1 watt of solar energy cost $77, today – 30 cents. The market is already reacting positively. The UK is cutting coal costs (this is especially impressive because the United Kingdom once got rich thanks to the coal industry). By 2025, electric vehicles, which today are perceived as fun, will enter the market, competing with conventional fuel vehicles.

Technology helps restore nature. Drones save forests: there are enough technical capabilities to plant a billion trees a year. Scientists have learned how to artificially grow coral reefs that are so necessary for the ocean: if under natural conditions a reef forms in 80-100 years, then in the laboratory it matures in two years, no different from its natural counterparts. Large corporations are adopting zero-waste manufacturing, discovering that it is very profitable: General Motors saved $1 billion over several years by converting more than a hundred of its facilities to zero-waste production.


Unemployment

The longer we live in the 21st century, the fewer work people do. Increasingly, automated work is a lot of machines. Is it true that automation will be the end of the job? Such concerns are premature. First of all, it is necessary to take into account not only the technical possibility of replacing a person with a robot but the profitability of such a replacement. Replacing drivers with automatic control is both technically feasible and cost-effective. The work of a bicycle repairman is technically possible, but not profitable: this is not the highest-paid job, and the robot is not cheap. 

Machines successfully replace individual functions, but not the profession as a whole: they facilitate accounting but do not cancel accountants. Managers of large automobile concerns confirm that work in which automated work is supplemented by the efforts of the worker is much more economically justified than pure automation.

Technology has created more jobs than it has destroyed. Before the industrial revolution, a lot of people were employed in agriculture, but then a lot of jobs appeared in offices and factories.

The Future Is Faster Than You Think

The economic, technical, and social ties of mankind are becoming stronger, and it turns out that convergence is a process that acts both for good and for harm. Every world problem turns into an opportunity to solve it.

Where are we going?

Migration is the key concept of the next decade. In doing so, it becomes more meaningful. Where is humanity heading?

From country to country. People roam the world, and not the least reason for this is the climate. Already in the 1990s, analysts predicted that by 2050 climate change would cause 200 million people to migrate. Today it is clear that this number will be much higher. London, Shanghai, and Hong Kong are threatened by flooding, and the Middle East is threatened by drought. Where will all these people live? Since 2007, half of humanity has lived in cities; by 2050, urbanization will affect 75% of the world’s population.

But the expansion of cities is also an increase in productivity: a doubling of the population means a 15 percent increase in innovation. In the US, 3/4 of the patents that generated the most relevant innovations belong to foreign citizens (a similar story took place in the US in the 1930s when many prominent scientists moved there from Nazi Germany). 40% of Fortune 500 companies are owned by expatriates.

From Earth to Mars. Jeff Bezos is aiming for the moon, Elon Musk is dreaming of Mars, and the rest of the world is watching this competition. Bezos created the aerospace company Blue Origin in 2000, and in May 2019 presented a prototype of the Blue Moon lander for landing on the moon. Musk announced back in January 2016 that his company hoped to provide a mission to Mars in 2020-2025. Space remains the lot single, plans for its colonization have not been the most urgent for a long time, although, apparently, a technically feasible task. In addition, soon the rest of humanity will be watching space news from a completely different space because another migration is coming.

From physical reality to virtual. Sounds fantastic? But even today, computer games take 3 billion hours a week from humanity. The average Briton spends up to 8 hours a day on digital contacts – the same amount as sleeping. Municipalities in some cities are taking measures to ensure the safety of those who confuse reality: in Chongqing, China, and Augsburg, Germany, special sidewalks are equipped for people with smartphones, whose style of movement has already received its name – distracted walking. 

This migration is much deeper than geographic, because it affects consciousness itself, affecting basic neurochemical processes. Winning a virtual game and even just updating your Facebook feed stimulates the brain to release the happiness hormone dopamine, and there is no more powerful lure for a person. By 2030, the screen between us and the Internet will disappear – virtual reality will penetrate the physical through VR glasses. The Internet will cease to be a function and become a habitat. This will be the largest migration in the history of the human species – and will irreversibly change the species itself.

Top 10 Thoughts

1. Technologies are strong with ties: the more diverse and stronger these ties, the faster technical development occurs. Thanks to the convergence (rapprochement, connection) of technologies, expressed now as never before, the future that we consider fantastic will come very soon. 

2. We are not ready for the future for two reasons: the inertia of consciousness and the inertia of business. We tend to think linearly in both life and business. But now we need a new, more flexible way of thinking. 

3. Under the influence of technology, basic business principles are changing. Technology has given rise to a fundamentally new commodity – our personal data. Data is the oil of the future.

4. In the future, absolutely everything will become a Net. If you are not on the Internet, you are not anywhere. The Internet will cease to be a function and become a habitat.

5. Technology will continue to become cheaper and more accessible, and the list of material things that have migrated to virtual reality will continue to grow every day.

6. Habitual things are already changing their properties. In the future, these changes will affect the most unshakable thing that we have – the biological properties of man.

7. Technology relieves us of worries about basic survival and provides us with free time. We can spend these man-hours thinking about the main thing and use our intellect for the benefit of mankind.

8. The development of science promises us longevity. Living longer, we accumulate experience, become wiser; By keeping our strength longer, we will be much more effective for society.

9. Two main problems of the future: ecology and unemployment. Mankind will have to solve them in the next 10 years. 

10. Migration is the key concept of the next decade. We are increasingly moving from country to country, flying to Mars, and moving from physical reality to virtual reality.

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